The military uses the electromagnetic spectrum — essential, yet invisible — to detect, deceive and disrupt the enemy while protecting friendly forces. As enemies become more capable and threats more complex, controlling the spectrum is increasingly critical.
Northrop Grumman's capabilities in electronic warfare (EW), full-spectrum cyber and electromagnetic maneuver warfare (EMW) span all domains — land, sea, air, space, cyberspace and the electromagnetic spectrum.
The company has a long and successful legacy in the art and science of electronic warfare, having developed and delivered offensive and defensive systems and aircraft for more than 60 years. We also have more than three decades of experience designing and operating cyber systems.
When it comes to development and testing, an accurate model of the spectrum environment is a must. Northrop Grumman's Combat Electromagnetic Environment Simulator (CEESIM) faithfully simulates true-to-war conditions. Simulations of this quality offer the most cost-effective means of testing and validating the effectiveness of sophisticated EW equipment.
In airborne electronic attack, Northrop Grumman developed the nation's first electronic attack aircraft, the EA-6A Electric Intruder, and its successor, the EA-6B Prowler. Today, the company provides the airborne electronic attack (AEA) suite for the EA-18G Growler, the newest and most capable electronic attack aircraft in the world. The AEA system allows warfighters to disrupt, deceive and deny a broad range of military electronic systems. It features wing tip pods and gun bay pallets, in addition to antennas and receivers.
Northrop Grumman also provides optical laser-based systems that detect threats and protect aircraft — large and small fixed-wing, rotary-wing and tilt-wing platforms — from advanced missile threats. This self-protect family of programs includes Directional Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM), Common Infrared Countermeasure Systems (CIRCM) and Guardian™. The AN/ALQ-131(V) Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) pod and the AN/APR-39D(V)2 Radar Warning Receiver/Electronic Warfare Management System maximize survivability by improving aircrew situational awareness via interactive management of all onboard sensors and countermeasures.
The Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AGM-88E) provides the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps and Italian Air Force the latest and most advanced weapons system for engaging and destroying enemy air defenses and time-critical, mobile targets. AARGM is a supersonic, medium-range, air-launched tactical missile compatible with U.S. and allied strike aircraft, including all variants of the F/A-18, Tornado, EA-18G, F-16, EA-6B and F-35 (external).
Northrop Grumman is helping to write an exciting new chapter in maritime electronic warfare. Drawing on a rich heritage in the design and development of EW systems and solutions stretching back 60 years, the company is pushing technological boundaries to bring a new set of advanced capabilities to the warfighter.
Maritime Information Warfare
Information warfare (IW) is a strategy for the use and management of information to pursue a competitive advantage, including both offensive and defensive operations. Getting actionable information to the warfighter in tactically relevant time is critical to mission success. Today, in the maritime domain, critical data is collected and then analyzed later at a shore-based facility. This information is often stovepiped and difficult to access by sailors who are fulfilling the mission while in harm's way.
As the Navy progresses toward digital data transformation, achieving a decisive advantage will require common, open and interchangeable data formats to accelerate the sharing of target information. In a battle space where data is a commodity, this commonality will be the key to uniting all platforms, sensors and weapons systems, creating a single environment to execute distributed and fully integrated maritime operations.
The United States is continuously engaged in information warfare to ensure full access and control of the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS). A seamlessly connected maritime environment will require a thoroughly networked and digitized Navy. In the 21st century, warfare superiority is dependent on unrestrained awareness that must be achieved by establishing dominance across the EMS, including the tactical advantage of conducting effective Real-Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO). Turning data into superior, actionable information at machine speed is a clear discriminator in the warfighter's decision-making process.
Multi-Domain Information Warfare
The U.S. Navy conducts information warfare in a variety of domains. The enabler in the Surface (shipboard) domain is through the Ship's Signals Exploitation Equipment (SSEE). The future state of this warfare capability will be through the next-generation IW weapon system, “Spectral.” Spectral allows undetected real-time and secure access to cryptologic information, enabling data exchange to occur simultaneously and safely across a multitude of frequency realms. Open architecture paves the way for hardware-enabled, software-defined enhancements as well as the ability to incorporate plug-in solutions from third parties. Northrop Grumman's approach is for all essential shipboard systems, such as navigation, power and machinery controls, mission module integration, sensors, and command and control, to be integrated from the construction phase at the shipyard to the theater of operations using open, interchangeable and common data formats.
Achieving Greater Offensive Capability
With the offensive capability of the Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (SEWIP) Block 3, the full force of Northrop Grumman's maritime electronic and information warfare suite will be used to detect, deny, deceive and defeat threats. Through greater use of non-kinetic solutions such as advanced electronic jamming, cyber operations and directed energy, a greater number of shipboard missiles may be used for power projection rather than self-defense, resulting in both greater offensive and improved defensive capacity for optimum warfighting capability.
Protecting Land Forces
Northrop Grumman is also applying advanced EW technologies to build next-generation systems for protecting troops on the ground from device-triggered IEDs. As the prime contractor for JCREW — the Joint Counter Radio-Controlled Improvised Explosive Device (RCIED) Electronic Warfare (JCREW) Increment 1 Block 1 — the company is providing software-programmable jammers that protect warfighters in vehicles, on patrol or in forward operating bases from RCIEDs.
As enemies become more capable and threats more complex, Northrop Grumman continues to leverage traditional spectrum-based and next-generation EMW innovations. Combined with our advanced Cyber, C4ISR, Autonomous and Strike expertise, we are designing and building smarter, more agile systems and providing multi-function, affordable solutions to give our forces the decisive advantage.
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Electromagnetic Maneuver Warfare
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